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This article is a review paper on phonological structures with illustrations via examples in English. The article is an attempt to provide readers with an overview on the major approaches to establishing phonological structures in English. The research techniques employed are the qualitative techniques commonly used for descriptive research. These are observation, document analysis, inferencing, categorization, systematisation, generalization, modelling, and schematization. The main issues presented are (i) The major approaches to establishing phonological structures; (ii) The strengths and weaknesses inherent in the above-mentioned approaches to phonological structure establishment; and (iii) Different phonological structures established in accordance with the approaches in question.