Nguyen Xuan Loc, Dang Dinh Thuc, Trang Vinh Quang

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Hydrodynamic field is the primary research problem of all studies on coastal estuarine areas. Over the years, there have been many studies on Nhat Le estuary's region (Quang Binh). Still, these studies have not focused on simulating the characteristics of the hydrodynamics of this area. This study presents the ability to apply a mathematical model to simulate hydrodynamic fields for the region of Nhat Le estuary and Quang Binh sea by constructing the MIKE 21 model set based on the actual measurement database by the Center for Environmental Fluid Dynamics implemented in 2018. Through the calculation scenarios under different conditions, the longshore current mainly consists of Southeast - Northwest (especially with NE waves, the current direction is Northwest - Southeast) with current speed mostly in the range of 0.1 - 0.4 m/s. In estuarine areas, river flows have complicated developments, including many component flows. In the dry season, the river flow is not strong and is dominated by changes in the tide phase, withdrawal in a day. There are days of high flood flow in the flood season, overwhelming the tidal currents; the maximum flow velocity at the door can reach more than 6 m/s. Waves in the southwest monsoon season are relatively small, about 0.25 - 0.6 m; while the waves in the Northeast monsoon season are quite large and very strong during the storm, but when the depth is about -3 to -4 m, the wave height decreases sharply, spreading to the door. In particular, when there are floods in the river, the waves that propagate through this depth will almost calm.

Keywords: Nhat Le estuary, hydrodynamics, simulation.


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