Nguyen Huy Hoang, Bui Van Vuong, Evgenii Egidarev, Vasiliy Zharikov, Le Anh Xuan, Lai Thi Bich Thuy, Nguyen Thi Mai Luu, Nguyen Dac Ve, Duong Thanh Nghi, Dang Hoai Nhon

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The Cat Ba is one of the largest Islands offshore North Vietnam, which is characterized by an abundance of coral reefs in the East and Southeast of the island. The surface sediments are considered the basic elements for the coral ecosystem development. In this study, the authors present some new results studying pH, Eh, mineral composition, and grain size as the basic information for environmental assessment of this area. The results show that the pH value of the surface sediment varies from 6.90 to 8.09, with an average of 7.24 while the Eh value of the sediment ranges from -121.10 to -48.20mV,  an average of -68.39mV, demonstrating a reducing environment. The surface sediments have been classified into 8 size classes: the coarse silt > very coarse silt > medium sand, very fine sand > very coarse sand, fine sand > coarse sand, very fine gravel. Most of the sediments are poorly sorted - very poorly sorted, only a few sedimentary samples are well sorted, moderately sorted, and moderately well sorted. The average mineral composition of the surface sediments consists of: 25% quartz, 17% illite, 16% aragonite, 13% kaolinite, 10% calcite, 5% chlorite, 4% gothite, 3% halite, 2% feldspar and less montmorillonite, and dolomite. These results allowed the researcher to interpret that the sediments have been deposited in a relatively calm environment and the terrigenous sediment sources are dominant over the marine sources. Source marine sediment groups are characterized by coarse grains, high pH, and are rich in carbonate minerals, which have been produced by biological materials. In contrast, the terrigenous sediment group is dominated by fine-grained sediments, rich clay minerals, quartz, and gothite. These fine-grained sediments are commonly distributed in the area and are favorable places for pollutant accumulation.
Keywords: sediment, grain size, mineral, Cat Ba Island.


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