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Abstract: Acenocoumarol is widely prescribed for patients with risk of thromboembolism in Vietnam. Several previous studies revealed that genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genes were the important genetic factors inducing a high-impact upon the response of acenocoumarol. Therefore, this study was aimed to establish a rapid and efficient protocol for genotyping SNPs of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genes in Vietnamese cardiac valve replacement patients treated with acenocoumarol. The protocol consisted of DNA extraction from peripheral blood samples, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for amplification of target genes, identifying the genotypes by either Sanger sequencing or restriction fragment length polymorphism PCR (PCR-RFLP). The protocol was established based on the identified optimal conditions to amplify targeted polymorphisms, i.e. rs1057910 in CYP2C9 gene and rs9923231, rs9934438 in VKORC1 gene.
Keywords: CYP2C9 gene, VKORC1 gene, acenocoumarol, DNA sequencing, PCR-RFLP.
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