Tran Quang Trung, Nguyen Thi Dao, Nguyen Thanh Hai, Trinh Van Lau

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This study aims to investigate the influence of the formulation factors on the drug release kinetics, thereby selecting the compositions of extended-release nifedipine tablet based on the similarity coefficient f2 obtained when compared with Adalat LA tablet. The formulation factors such as: molecular weight of the polyethylene oxide (PEO) and osmotic agent amount in drug layer and push layer, semi permeable membrane thickness (estimated by coating weight gain), orifice size, type of plasticizers and ratios of coating polymer to plasticizer in semipermeable membrane were evaluated. It was found that developed tablets were able to deliver nifedipine in an approximate zero-order manner up to 20 hours and drug release profile of developed tablets was similar to that from Adalat LA tablets. The developed tablet contained: PEO N10, PEO 303 in drug layer and push layer, respectively; percentages of osmotic agent in drug layer and push layer were 10% and 30%, respectively; weight gain of semipermeable coating was 12%; and orifice size was 0.8 mm.


 Nifedipine, GPKD, push-pull osmotic pump, PEO, Tlag.


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