Nguyen Thi Lan Anh, Doan Huong Mai

Main Article Content


Abstract: Phu Canh Nature Reserve is located in Da Bac district, Hoa Binh province. The reserve covers an area of 5.647 ha and plays an important role in the conservation of biodiversity resources, in supporting many rare wildlife species with high conservation value. In this nature reserve, we identified 48 reptilian species of 16 families in 2 orders; 28 amphibian species of 6 families in 2 orders; 65 bird species of 24 families in 7 orders; 57 mammal species of 25 families in 8 orders. Many of which are rare, endangered, and listed in the Vietnam Red Data Book, IUCN Red List and Decree 32/2006/ND-CP. Among threatened species, the mammals made up the highest percentage (31.6%) and the amphibians made up the lowest (10.7%). In terms of species that are susceptible to climate change, the amphibians made up the highest percentage (42.8%) while the birds made up the lowest (35.3%). The reptiles made up the relatively high proportion of threatened species (20.9%) and “climate-change-susceptible” species (37.5%), while the percentage of mammals species that were both susceptible and threatened was 38.6%. The amphibians and mammals seem to face their extinction risk if there exist no timely conservation action plans in the area. This is the first data assessing the susceptibility of terrestrial vertebrates to climate change at Phu Canh Nature Reserve. 

Keywords: Terrestrial vertebrate, Susceptibility, Climate Change, Phu Canh.


[1] IPCC. Climate Change: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2007.
[2] Thomas, C.D., Cameron, A., Green, R.E., Bakkenes, M., Beaumont, L.J., Collingham, Y.C., Erasmus, B.F.N., de Siqueira, M.F., Grainger, A., Hannah, L., Hughes, L., Huntley, B., Van Jaarsveld, A.S., Midgley, G.F., Miles, L., Ortega-Huerta, M.A., Townsend Peterson A., Phillips, O.L. and Williams, S.E., Extinction risk from climate change, Nature 427(6970) (2004) 145.
[3] Mantyka-Pringle, C. S., Martin, T. G. & Rhodes, J. R., Interactions between climate and habitat loss effects on biodiversity: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Glob. Change Biol. 18 (2012) 1239.
[4] Auer, S. K. & King, D. I., Ecological and life-history traits explain recent boundary shifts in elevation and latitude of western North American songbirds, Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 23 (2014) 867.
[5] Chevin, L.M., Lande, R. & Mace, G. M., Adaptation, plasticity, and extinction in a changing environment: towards a predictive theory, PLoS Biol. 8, 2010.
[6] The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. . Downloaded on 30 June, 2016.
[7] Ministry of Science and Technology, Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology, Vietnam Red Data Book, Part I, Animals, Natural Sciences and Technology Publishing House (in Vietnamese), 2007.
[8] Vu Tien Thinh, Wildlife species have conservation value in Phu Canh Nature Reserve, Hoa Binh Province, Journal of Forest Science, Institute of Vietnam Forest Science, Vol.3: 2900-2905, 2013.
[9] Nguyen Van Sang, Ho Thu Cuc and Nguyen Quang Truong, Herpetology of Vietnam, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 2009.
[10] Vo Quy and Nguyen Cu, Vietnam Bird List, Agricultural Publishing House, Hanoi (in Vietnamese), 1995.
[11] Nguyen Cu, Le Trong Trai & Phillips, K., Vietnam Birds, Labour Publishing House, Hanoi, 2005.
[12] Robson, C., A Guide to the Birds of Southeast Asia: Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford, 2000.
[13] Le Vu Khoi, Vietnam Mammals List, Agricultural Publishing House, Hanoi (in Vietnamese), 2000.
[14] Francis, C. M., A Guide to the Mammals of Southeast Asia, Princeton University Press, USA, 2008.
[15] Xuan Dang and Le Xuan Canh, Mammals Taxonomy (Mammalia) and Vietnam wildlife features, Technology and Science Publishing House, Hanoi, 2009.
[16] Foden, W., Mace, G., Vié, J.-C., Angulo, A., Butchart, S., DeVantier, L., Dublin, H., Gutsche, A., Stuart, S. and Turak, E., Species susceptibility to climate change impacts, In: J.-C. Vié, C. Hilton-Taylor and S.N. Stuart (eds), The 2008 Review of The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, IUCN Gland, Switzerland, 2008.
[17] Pacifici, Michela, Foden, Wendy B., Visconti, Piero, Watson, James E.M., Butchart, Stuart H.M., Kovacs, Kit M., Scheffers, Brett R., Hole, David.G., Martin, Tara G., Akçakaya, H. Resit, Corlett, Richard T., Huntley, Brian, Bickford, David, Carr, Jamie A., Hoffman, Ary A., Midgley, Guy F., Pearce-Kelly, Paul, Pearson, Richard G., Williams, Stephen E., Willis, Stephen G., Young, Bruce, and Rondinini, Carlo, Assessing species vulnerability to climate change, Nature Climate Change 5 (2015) 215.
[18] Decree No. 32ND - CP dated on 30/3/2006 of the Prime Minister about rare, endangered forest plants and animals management, 2006.
[19] Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change, Scenarios of climate change and sea level rise in Vietnam, 2016.
Lips, K.R., Reeve, J.D. and Witters L.R., Ecological traits predicting amphibian population declines in Central America, Conservation Biology 17(4) (2003) 1078.