Hoang Anh Le, Nguyen Viet Thanh, Do Minh Phuong, Ho Quoc Bang, Nguyen Quang Hung, Dinh Manh Cuong

Main Article Content


Air emission inventory is an advance tool in application research of environmental field. Emission inventory can be conducted in different approaches, in which statistical data collection is considered to be a conventional way with relatively low reliability and delaying time. This study uses a methodology of extracting activity data of cultivation area and rice production employing SAR Sentinel-1 images in order to overcome the limitation of conventional method. Consequently, the data is utilized to estimate the total air pollutants emitted from rice straw open burning. Results show that integration of remote sensing data (SAR Sentinel-1 satellite) improves the seasonal spatial rice cultivated area and production distribution with high reliability. The study implies a considerable potential of satellite data for estimation of air emission from agriculture waste combusion due to its availability, real-time, and low cost features. Application for Hanoi in 2019 performs that an amount of 460 thousand tons of rice straw was burned, thus, created 542 thousand tons of CO2 (90%), 42 thousand tons of CO (7%), and other air pollutants of the rest 3%.

SAR, sentinel, emission inventory, rice straw. 


Keywords: SAR, sentinel, emission inventory, rice straw


[1] M. He, J. Zheng, S. Yin, Y. Zhang, Trends, temporal and spatial characteristics, and uncertainties in biomass burning emissions in the Pearl River Delta, China, Atmospheric Environment, 45 (2011) 4051-4059. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.04.016
[2] MONRE, Environemtal status of Vietnam in 2016: Urban environment issuse, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE), Hanoi, 2017. (in Vietnamese).
[3] H.A. Le, N.T.T. Hạnh, L.T. Linh, Estimated gas emission from burning rice straw in open fields in Thái Bình province, VNU Journal of Science: Earth and Environmental Sciences 2 (2013) 26-33. (in Vietnamese).
[4] N.M. Dung, An Estimation of Air Pollutant Emissions from Open Rice Straw Burning in the Red River Delta, Journal of Science and Development 10 (2012) 190-198 (in Vietnamese).
[5] P.D. Agustian, N.T.K. Oanh, Assessment of biomass open burning emissions in Indonesia and potential climate forcing impact, Atmospheric Environment 78 (2013) 250-258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.10.016
[6] N.T.K. Oanh, B.T. Ly, D. Tipayarom, B.R. Manandhar, P. Prapat, C.D. Simpson, L.-J.S. Liu, Characterization of particulate matter emission from open burning of rice straw, Atmospheric Environment 45 (2011) 493-502. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.09.023
[7] D.M. Cuong, H.A. Le, H.X. Co, Calculation of Gas Emission from Rice Straw Open Burning in Ninh Binh Province for 2010 - 2015 Period and Proposal of Mitigation Solutions VNU Journal of Science: Earth and Environmental Sciences 32 (2016) 70 - 76 (in Vietnamese).
[8] H.A. Le, T.V. Anh, N.T.Q. Hung, Ais pollutants estimated from rice straw open burning in Hanoi, Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 5 (2017) 101 - 107 (in Vietnamese).
[9] H.A. Le, D.M. Phuong, L.T. Linh, Emission inventories of rice straw open burning in the Red River Delta of Vietnam: Evaluation of the potential of satellite data, Environmental Pollution 260 (2020) 113972-113986. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.113972.
[10] K. Thongchai, N.T.K. Oanh, Development of spatial and temporal emission inventory for crop residue field burning, Environmental Modeling & Assessment, 16 (2011) 453-464. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10666-010-9244-0
[11] N.T. Luan, N.T. Hung, V.D. Cuong, N.T. Huyen, P.Q. Son, Building the flood maps based on Radar remote sensing data applying for the downstream of the Tra Khuc River and the Ve River in Quang Ngai province, Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, 39 (2017) 21-28 (in Vietnamese).
[12] N.V. Viet, N.Q. Hiep, A new approach to data processing of Sentinel-1 radar remote sensing image on the establishment of reservoir characteristic curve Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, (2019) 155-162 (in Vietnamese).
[13] L.V. Trung, N.T. Co, Assessment of capacity of using sentinel-1 images in monitoring land subsidence in Ho Chi Minh City Science and Technology Development Journal (Science of the Earth & Environment), 2 (2018) 19-25 (in Vietnamese).
[14] N.V. Thi, N.D. Duong, T.Q. Bao, The relation between backscatter of Sentinel-1 radar image and NDVI sentinel-2 optical image: Case study of dipterocarp forest in Dak Lak province, Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 3 (2018) 167-176 (in Vietnamese).
[15] B. Wu, J. Meng, Q. Li, F. Zhang, X. Du, N. Yan, Latest Development of "CropWatch" - And Global Crop Monitoring System with Remote Sensing, Advances in Earth Science, 25 (2010) 1013 -1022.
[16] L. Busetto, S. Casteleyn, C. Granell, M. Pepe, M. Barbieri, M. Campos-Taberner, R. Casa, F. Collivignarelli, R. Confalonieri, A. Crema, Downstream services for rice crop monitoring in Europe: From regional to local scale, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 10 (2017) 5423-5441. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSTARS.2017.2679159
[17] M.K. Gumma, P.S. Thenkabail, A. Maunahan, S. Islam, A. Nelson, Mapping seasonal rice cropland extent and area in the high cropping intensity environment of Bangladesh using MODIS 500 m data for the year 2010, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 91 (2014) 98-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2014.02.007
[18] T.D. Setiyono, E.D. Quicho, F.H. Holecz, N.I. Khan, G. Romuga, A. Maunahan, C. Garcia, A. Rala, J. Raviz, F. Collivignarelli, L. Gatti, M. Barbieri, D.M. Phuong, V.Q. Minh, Q.T. Vo, A. Intrman, P. Rakwatin, M. Sothy, T. Veasna, S. Pazhanivelan, M.R.O. Mabalay, Rice yield estimation using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and the ORYZA crop growth model: development and application of the system in South and South-east Asian countries, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 40 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2018.1547457
[19] R.E. Huke, Rice area by type of culture: South, Southeast, and East Asia, International Rice Research Institute., Manila, Philippines, 1982.
[20] R. Dwivedi, B. Rao, S. Kushwaha, The Utility of Day-and-Night Observation and Cloud-Penetration Capability of ERS-1 SAR Data for Detection of Wetlands, Geocarto International, 15 (2000) 7-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/10106040008542134
[21] A. Nelson, T. Setiyono, A. Rala, E. Quicho, J. Raviz, P. Abonete, A. Maunahan, C. Garcia, H. Bhatti, L. Villano, Towards an operational SAR-based rice monitoring system in Asia: Examples from 13 demonstration sites across Asia in the RIICE project, Remote Sensing, 6 (2014) 10773-10812. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs61110773
[22] T. Le Toan, F. Ribbes, L.-F. Wang, N. Floury, K.-H. Ding, J.A. Kong, M. Fujita, T. Kurosu, Rice crop mapping and monitoring using ERS-1 data based on experiment and modeling results, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 35 (1997) 41-56. https://doi.org/10.1109/36.551933
[23] T.V. Anh, Estimated gas emission of straw open burning in rice field of Hanoi, Master thesis in advance program. VNU University of Science, (2014) Hanoi (in Vietnamese).