Doan Vi Anh

Main Article Content


School anxiety is an aspect of anxiety that can cause serious consequences on student’s academic results. Anxiety is usually caused by excessive stress about school related experiences. Consequently, over thinking and extreme worrying can lead to skipping classes, or even dropping out of school. Despite the emergence of school anxiety in recent years among junior students, little research on specific situations causing anxiety at school has been carried out. More importantly, very few attempts using virtual reality have been made to prepare students for a new school environment and help students with school anxiety. This study discovered 12 school experiences with high anxiety levels through questionnaires given to 229 fifth year students aged 10-11 and developed several situations into a virtual environment that can be used as a treatment program for students. 20 students with very high anxiety were chosen to experience the virtual reality (VR) treatment program. The findings show that student’s anxiety levels for the situations they have experienced in the treatment program have decreased dramatically. Students become more proactive when they handle the challenges in the program and they can even propose solutions for their problems.

Keywords: School anxiety, virtual reality, school experiences, treatment program


[1] C.A. Essau, J. Conradt, F. Petermann, Frequency, comorbidity and psychosocial impairment of anxiety disorders in German adolescents, Journal of anxiety disorders 14(3) (2000) 263-279.
[2] A.A. Rizzo, J.G. Buckwalter, U. Neumann, Virtual reality and cognitive rehabilitation: A brief review of the future, The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation, 1997.
[3] C.D. Spielberger (Ed.), Anxiety: Current trends in theory and research, Elsevier, 2013.
[4] Anxiety. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2020, from, 2020 (accessed 15th February 2020).
[5] Facts, Statistics. (n.d.). from, 2020 (accessed 15th February 2020).
[6] T. Fryers, T. Brugha, Childhjjood determinants of adult psychiatric disorder, Clinical practice and epidemiology in mental health, 2013.
[7] C.G. Last, C. Hansen, N. Franco, Cognitive‐behavioral treatment of school phobia, Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 37(4) (1998)
[8] M.M. North, S.M. North, Virtual reality therapy. In Computer-assisted and web-based innovations in psychology, special education, and health, Academic Press, 2016, pp. 141-156.
[9] D.M. Romano, Virtual reality therapy, Developmental medicine and child neurology 47(9) (2005) 580-580.
[10] L. Rebenitsch, C. Owen, Review on cybersickness in applications and visual displays, Virtual Reality 20(2) (2016) 101-125.
[11] Nguyen Thi Tram Anh, Discussion on the psychological support program in the current Vietnamese educational context, Proceedings of the fourth school psychology workshop, 2014, pp. 35-40.
[12] J.L. Maples-Keller, B.E. Bunnell, S.J. Kim, B.O. Rothbaum, The use of virtual reality technology in the treatment of anxiety and other psychiatric disorders, Harvard review of psychiatry 25(3) (2017) 103-113.
[13] M. Rus-Calafell, J. Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J. Ribas-Sabaté, A virtual reality-integrated program for improving social skills in patients with schizophrenia: a pilot study, Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry 45(1) (2014) 81-89.
[14] D. Jack, R. Boian, A.S. Merians, M. Tremaine, G.C. Burdea, S.V. Adamovich, H. Poizner, Virtual reality-enhanced stroke rehabilitation, IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering 9(3) (2001) 308-318.
[15] J. Gutiérrez-Maldonado, E. Magallón-Neri, M. Rus-Calafell, C. Peñaloza-Salazar, Virtual reality exposure therapy for school phobia. Anuario de Psicología 40(2) (2009) 223-236.
[16] C.D. Spielberger, State‐Trait anxiety inventory, The Corsini encyclopedia of psychology, 2010, pp. 1-1.