Main Article Content
The network of research universities - Universitas 21 (U21) has developed a global ranking which examines 24 measures of performance indicators across four areas: Resources, Environment, Connectivity, and Output (called U21 Ranking of National Higher Education Systems) to assess the national higher education systems. In which, Resources and Environment are input variables, Connectivity and Output are outcomes. This paper will study Vietnam's policy environment and resources, corresponding to two input measures of the ranking: Resources and Environment. The paper also reviews the experiences of some countries, the current situation of resources, and the impact of the policies on national higher education compared to Vietnam. The authors have proposed six solutions on Resource and Environment to improve the position of the Vietnamese higher education system with the expectation that the higher education system of Vietnam will create positive changes and be in the Top 50 best national higher education systems of U21 Ranking.
 P. G. Altbach, The Globalization of College and University Rankings, Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, Vol. 44, No. 1, 2012, pp. 26-31, https://doi.org/10.1080/00091383.2012.636001.
 Universitas 21, https://universitas21.com/, 2021 (accessed on: June 09th, 2021).
 G. Kováts, New Rankings on the Scene: The U21 Ranking of National Higher Education Systems and U-Multirank, In A. Curaj, L. Matei, R. Pricopie, J. Salmi, P. Scott (eds.), The European Figher Education Area: Between Critical Reflections and Future Policies, Springer Nature, Cham, 2015, pp. 293-311.
 R. Williams, A. Leahy, Ranking of National Higher Education Systems, Melbourne, VIC: Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, https://universitas21. com/sites/default/files/2018-05/U21_Rankings%20Report_0418_FULL_LR 20.281 (2018):29/, 2018 (accessed on: June 08th, 2021).
 Hazelkorn, Ellen, World-class Universities or World-class Systems? Rankings and Higher Education Policy Choices, Rankings and Accountability in Higher Education: Uses and Misuses, 2013, pp. 71-94.
 D. A. Linh, T. T. Trinh, International University Rankings and Issues for Vietnamese Universities, 2017 (in Vietnamese).
 Williams, Ross, Global: A Good National System of Higher Education: The Lessons of the U21 Rankings: International Higher Education, Winter 2016, Number 84, Understanding Global Higher Education, Brill Sense, 2017, pp. 33-35.
 E. Jürgen, H. D. Boer, Elke Weyer, Regulatory Autonomy and Performance: The Reform of Higher Education Re-visited, Higher Education Vol. 65, No. 1, 2013, pp. 5-23.
 L. F. Helen, B. Edward, Fiske, Handbook of Research in Education Finance and Policy, Routledge, 2012.
 R. Greenwald, L. V. Hedges, R. D. Laine, The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement, Review of Educational Research, Vol. 66, No. 3, 1996, pp. 361-396.
 S. E. Murray, W. N. Evans, R. M. Schwab, Education-finance Reform and the Distribution of Education Resources, American Economic Review, 1998, pp. 789-812.
 N. T. Minh, The Impact of Financial Management on the Quality of Higher Education - Case Study at Universities under the Ministry of Industry and Trade, 2015 (in Vietnamese).
 L. D. Ngoc, Renovate Financial Management in Universities to Leverage Training Quality, Efficiency and Performance, Proceedings of the Workshop State Management and Financial Autonomy in Universities at the Ho Chi Minh City University of Education, December 2001 (in Vietnamese).
 T. Linh, N. V. Dinh, Financial Autonomy at Public Universities in Vietnam, Vietnam Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 10A, 2019, pp. 25.
 T. N. Thach, Policy for the Development of Higher Education: Successes in Developed Countries and Implications for Vietnam, 2017 (in Vietnamese).
 R. Williams, G. de Rassenfosse, P. Jensen, S. Marginson, The Determinants of Quality National Higher Education Systems. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, Vol. 35, No. 6, 2013, pp. 599-611.
 Resolution No. 29-NQ/TW of November 04, 2013, Fundamental and Comprehensive Innovation in Education, serving Industrialization and Modernization in a Socialist-oriented Market Economy during International Integration, Ratified in the 8th session.
 Law on Education No. 43/2019/QH14.
 Thanh Nien Magazine, Matter of Low College Investment, https://thanhnien.vn/giao-duc/dau-tu-cho-dai-hoc-qua-thap-994335.html (accessed on: June 10th, 2021).
 The World and Vietnam Report, The budget for education is still inadequate?,
https://baoquocte.vn/ngan-sach-cho-giao-duc-con-nhieu-bat-cap-81691.html (accessed on: June 10th, 2021).
 Resolution No. 99/2014/ND-CP, 25/10/2014 Education at a Glance 2020, OECD iLibrary, 2021.