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Abstract: The study aims to provide evidence of double nutritional burden (including malnutrition and overweight/obesity) as well as the impact of eating habits on nutritional status of preschool children at Nam Hong commune, Dong Anh district, Hanoi. Subjects of study: children aged from 24 to 60 months old at 2 preschools of Nam Hong commune. The study is divided into 2 phases: at the phase 1: a cross sectional study was applied to 1593 children; at the phase 2: a matched case-control study was applied in order to analyze effects of eating habits to nutritional status of children (1 malnourished child / 5 normal children and 1 obese overweight child / 5 normal children, matched pairs in age, sex, class). Research results: the percentage of children with normal nutritional status is 86.8%, however, Nam Hong still suffer a double burden of nutrition when the rate of malnourished children is still high (accounting for 4.2%) and overweight/obesity children is 9.0%, in which the rate of overweight and obesity children in boys is higher than girls (10.9% compared with 6.7%, respectively). Eating characteristics affect malnutrition status of children including: loss appetite (OR=4.3), slowness in eating (OR=2.23), enjoyment of food score (OR=0.69), desire to drink score (OR=0.82). Eating characteristics affect the overweight/obesity child’s include: appetite characteristics (OR=4.24), loss appetite (OR=0.43), fast eating (OR=2.56), slowness eating (OR=0.43), eating more (OR=6.78), eating less (OR=0.31), prefer fat (OR=2.18), food responsiveness score (OR=1.59), enjoyment of food score (OR=1.8), satiety responsiveness score (OR=0.51), slowness in eating score (OR=0.05), emotional under eating score (OR=0.67), food fussioness score (OR=0.72).
Double burdens, malnutrition, overweight/obesity, Nam Hong commune, Dong Anh.
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