Nguyen Thi Thu Thuy, Nguyem Thanh Hai, Nguyem Xuan Bach, Hoang Thi Thu Huong, Nguyem Chi Cuong, Pham Thi Thuy Van

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This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of antibiotic prophylaxis in cesarean section at Thai Nguyen National Hospital as a first pilot activity of a surgical prophylaxis program. In the study, a randomized controlled trial was designed with two groups: intervention group and control group. Patients characteristics and effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotics for caesarean section were compared. The study results show that the patients’ ages ranged from 18 to 44 years; most of the patients had ASA score of 1; and mean hospital length of stay was statistically significant between the two groups (p<0.05). Regarding the indication of caesarean section, the reason of genital tract abnormalities accounted for the highest proportion. The percentage of the patients switching from prophylactic antibiotic regimens to therapeutic antibiotics in the intervention group was 2%. There was no patient with superficial and/or deep incisional surgical site infections in both groups. The difference in mean number of injections in the two groups was statistically significant (p<0.05). The average cost of antibiotics for each patient in the intervention group and control group were 267.720 VND and 543.871 VND, respectively. The study concludes that the effectiveness of antibiotics prophylaxis for caesarean section: 99% of the patients were without wound infection; hospital length of stay in the intervention group was shorter than the control group; and using prophylactic antibiotics was not only more economical but could also reduce the workload of medical staff, costs of antibiotics and medical supplies.


 Antibiotics prophylaxis, caesarean section, Thai Nguyen National Hospital.


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