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Abstract: High quality, high density, and well-aligned zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods have been synthesized on cost-effective printed circuit board (PCB) substrates via a simple, seedless, one-step, low-temperature hydrothermal method based galvanic cell structure. It was found that the outer diameters of the ZnO nanorods range from 50 nm to 400 nm. The as-grown ZnO nanorods prefer to grow along the c axis. The morphologies of the ZnO nanorods were investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The crystallinity properties were characterized by Raman spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy.