Established on January 1, 1985 (under the license No. 223/GP-BTTTT on July 22, 2014 of the Ministry of Information and Communications, code number by international standard ISSN 0866-8612), the VNU Journal of Science is the official and only publication of Hanoi National University (VNU). The journal is published periodically, being tasked “to make public and introduce the works of science and technology, of social sciences and humanities of the authors-scientists at home and abroad to serve the scientific teaching, learning and researching”.